Let’s learn numbers in French

Numbers are very useful in everyday life. For this reason, learning French cardinal numbers is essential.

If you are afraid to learn all the numbers in French at once, you can simply start with the numbers from 1 to 20 here.

If not, click on each number to learn how to pronounce French numbers like a native speaker.

Then, repeat and practice ! 

Numbers from 1 to 20

It’s the first important step in learning French numbers. Once you master those numbers, it will be easier to learn other numbers even if it can sometimes get a bit tricky.

 Numbers from 21 to 40

When you know numbers from 1 to 20, you can continue with the following numbers. You will now notice that French numbers follow a certain logic.

However, be careful with 21: it can be written “vingt et un” (old orthograph) or “vingt-et-un” (new orthograph designed by the 1990 reform). It’s the same for 31, 41, 51 and 61.

Numbers finishing with 1 are often (but not always!) made with “et un”. Things will be slightly different for 71, 81 and 91…



Numbers from 41 to 60


Numbers from 61 to 80

Now that things seem easy with numbers, there are some subtleties to notice!

Please notice the number 70 that is written soixante-dix: the following numbers will logically create a compound number with onze, douze, treize… and 71 can either be written soixante et onze or soixante-et-onze.


Numbers from 81 to 100

Did you notice that 80 is written quatre-vingts? The following numbers won’t keep the final s… and 81 is some kind of exception that doesn’t use any “et” it is written quatre-vingt-un!

Besides, 90 is like 70: it’s written quatre-vingt-dix. So the following numbers will be made with onze, douze, treize…



Numbers in Belgium and Switzerland


If you are travelling in Switzerland or Belgium, you may be surprised to hear some other numbers than those listed above.

Indeed, the Swiss and Belgian people count differently : 70 is septante and 90 is nonante for them. Thus, you can hear something like: 

Numbers made with septante are : septante-et-un, septante-deux, septante-trois, septante-quatre, septante-cinq, septante-six, septante-sept, septante-huit, septante-neuf.

Numbers made with nonante are : nonante-et-un, nonante-deux, nonante-trois, nonante-quatre, nonante-cinq, nonante-six, nonante-sept, nonante-huit, nonante-neuf.


What gets more complex is that Swiss and Belgian people can also differ in counting when it comes to 80. Indeed, the Belgians use quatre-vingts like French people but some Swiss use huitante:

Don’t worry about this one because it’s quite very rare. However, it’s good to know if you’re planning to travel to Switzerland!

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